Red River College Glossary

Higher education institutions are home to a great deal of jargon, and we’re no exception. Here’s a glossary to help you understand the terms and language used at Red River College.

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Academic Accommodation: “Accommodation” means a reasonable intervention that helps a student with a Documented Disability access course material, receive the most benefit from course delivery and demonstrate required performance standards. Students who receive academic accommodation are required to meet all learning outcomes and course objectives in order to receive course credit. Accommodation may occur in the classroom or at a field placement. Examples include: assistive technologies, exam modifications (additional time, reduced distraction settings or oral exams), and classroom accommodations (audio recording of class lectures, access to instructor notes). (See Policy A28Academic Accommodation.)

Academic Authorities Grid: The Academic Authorities Grid guideline outlines the required level at which recommendation, endorsement, approval and notification occur for Red River College programs. It ensures that new programs, changes to existing programs and courses, and program suspensions and cessations are subject to an approved, consistent and efficient process.

Academic Credential: An academic credential is a certificate, diploma, degree, academic transcript, or other document, issued by a recognized institution of higher education that provides evidence of or demonstrates completion of a particular course of study or academic credit resulting in the issuance of documentation of the successful completion of that course of study or credit. (See Policy A31, Academic Credentials and Designations for Instructional Positions.)

Academic Integrity: Academic integrity refers to the requirement to be honest and truthful in all College relationships, activities, and commitments. From these fundamental values of honesty and truth flow consistent, ethical behaviour when engaged in academic work, or any other academic activity. (See Policy S4, Academic Integrity.)

Academic Misconduct: Academic misconduct refers to all dishonest behaviour, whether deliberate or otherwise, related to academic work, or any other academic activity. (See Policy S4, Academic Integrity.)

Academic Probation: Probation involves a set of restrictions, expectations, performance indicators, and timelines placed on a student whose academic progress in a program is unsatisfactory. (See Policy A22, Academic Standards.)

Academic Program Suspension: Student progression is evaluated/assessed in each term. Students who do not meet a prescribed term GPA will be placed on academic probation. (See “suspension.” Also refer to Policy A22, Academic Standards.)

Academic Work: Academic work refers to all forms of student work intended to demonstrate the knowledge and skill a student has acquired during their studies. It refers to course work such as assignments and tests, materials or evaluations used to determine recognition of prior learning, various forms of research, as well as applied learning. All work produced by students during the course of their academic studies with the College is considered academic work, whether or not it is eligible to receive a grade or evaluation. (Based on and see Policy S4, Academic Integrity.) 

Academic Year: The academic year at Red River College begins July 1 of one year and runs to June 30 of the next year.

Accommodation Under False Pretenses: Accommodation under false pretenses is misrepresentation in order to receive any academic accommodation on disability-related or compassionate grounds. This may include obtaining medical or other certificates under false or misleading pretenses, altering medical or other certificates, or presenting them in a manner meant to deceive to receive accommodation. (See Policy S4, Academic Integrity.)

Acknowledgement of Participation: An acknowledgement of participation may be issued upon completion of non-credit courses typically delivered through continuing education for which there is no formal assessment of learning. 

Admission Categories

  1. Regular Student
    A regular student is an applicant who meets the regular admission requirements of the program.
  2. Mature Student
    A mature student is an applicant who is at least 19 years of age and has been out of high school for a minimum of one year at time of application, and does not meet regular admission requirements as specified by each program. Mature student admission may include specific requirements.
  3. Transfer Student
    A transfer student is an applicant who has at least one term of transferable post-secondary courses. 
  4. Undeclared Student
    An undeclared student is an applicant who would like to take courses for professional development or general interest and is not seeking a credential. Students are restricted to taking a maximum of two (2) courses per term, and after successfully completing four (4) courses they must apply and be admitted to a program before registering for additional courses.
  5. Dual Credit Student
    A dual credit student is a high school student who may be admitted with permission of the high school. Dual credit students may only be registered in dual credit courses. Dual credit students will only be registered in dual credit courses recognized by the Department of Education or a successor Department.
  6. Dual Admission Student
    A dual admission student is an applicant who is admitted to Red River College and a partner post-secondary institution simultaneously.
  7. Returning Student
    A returning student is an applicant who is applying for admission after a break in studies of at least one term, is applying into the same program, and has successfully completed less than a full course load.
  8. Visiting Student
    A visiting student is from another institution attending with a letter of permission from their home institution. (See Policy A1, Application and Admission to College Programs.)

Applicant – Qualified: Applicants who have met the admission requirements to a program. This category includes applicants who qualified for admission prior to the application being withdrawn.

Applicant – Unqualified: Applicants who have not met or conditionally met the admission requirements for a program. This category includes applicants who did not qualify for admission prior to the application being withdrawn.

Applicant – Qualification Unknown: Applicants who have not yet been assessed or for whom there are outstanding requirements or documents.

Applied Certificate: Applied certificates are short programs designed to provide introductory level skills training in a specific application of an occupation.

Applied Learning Placement: A supervised, practical experience for which a student receives a Grade or a Pass / Fail notation on his / her transcript. (From Policy A22, Academic Standards.)

Applied Research: In contrast to the basic research conducted by universities, faculty and staff at Red River College perform practical and commercial applied research based on industry needs. Applied research is conducted as directed by our business and industry partners who seek our expertise to develop products and processes and bring them to market.

Articulation Agreement: A formal agreement between one or more colleges and one or more educational institutions or boards of education that recognizes learning achievement, facilitates student progress, minimizes curriculum duplication, and eases the transition from one institution to the other. Some examples follow. (1) A direct-entry, degree-completion program in which learners proceed from a two-year diploma program with a specific GPA to the third year of a degree program in a related field based on a specific set of conditions which must be met. (2) A credit transfer agreement whereby graduates of a two-year diploma program will be granted five credits towards a bachelor of arts degree at partnering universities. 

Audit: Taking a course for reasons other than course credit. Auditing students are not required to do assignments or exams, and grades are not entered to students’ transcripts. “AU” is the designation on the transcript. (Based on Policy A3, Auditing Courses.)

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Behavioural Contract: A behavioural contract is an agreement between the College and a student that specifies certain conditions that are required in order to rectify unacceptable behaviour. The contract will outline the ongoing expectations of acceptable conduct required for the student to continue their studies. The student will continue to be registered for the duration of the contract subject to the conditions outlined. If the contract is broken, further disciplinary action will be taken. The contract may be for a specific period of time or for the full duration of the individual’s program. A copy of the behavioral contract will be placed in the student’s file in the Office of the Registrar. (Based on Policy S2Student Discipline.)

Billing Unit: An expression of the tuition rate for Red River College programs and courses. Where credit units are applied to courses, one credit unit is equal to one billing unit. (See also Credit Unit.)

Block Credit: Through articulation agreements with other institutions, Red River College may accept college or university credentials (certificate, diploma, degree, for example) or parts of credentials as blocks of transfer credit toward fulfilment of RRC program requirements. Here, student transcripts are reviewed, and transfer credit is awarded as a block of credit rather than on a course-by-course basis.

Blended Learning: Blended learning is applied to education program or course that combines online digital media with traditional classroom methods. It requires the physical presence of both teacher and student, with some elements of student control over time, place, path, or pace. While students still attend “brick-and-mortar” schools with a teacher present, face-to-face classroom practices are combined with computer-mediated activities regarding content and delivery. Blended learning is also used in professional development and training settings. (Modified from Wikipedia, August 2018.)

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Calendar: The book of rules, regulations, policies, programs and courses for a post-secondary institution. In other jurisdictions, this is known as the Catalogue.

Campus: Red River College defines a campus as a geographic physical location that often includes a cluster of buildings and Centres in relative close proximity. RRC has eight campuses across Manitoba and five of them are located in rural Manitoba.

  • Winnipeg Campus Locations: Notre Dame Campus; Exchange District Campus (The Roblin Centre; Paterson GlobalFoods Institute; ACE Project Space; Language Training Centre), and Stevenson Campus.
  • Rural Campus Locations: Southport Campus – Southport; Steinbach Regional Campus – Steinbach; Winkler Regional Campus – Winkler; Portage la Prairie Regional Campus – Portage la Prairie; Interlake and Peguis – Fisher River Campus – Selkirk, Peguis First Nation, and Fisher River Cree Nation.

Certificate: Certificates are programs designed to provide skills training and education leading to entry-level employment in a particular occupation. Certificate program learning outcomes are normally found at the basic knowledge and application level. These programs typically correspond to one year of study. (See Policy A12, Issuing College Credentials.) 

Cheating: Cheating is the use or distribution, or the attempted use or distribution, of unauthorized materials, equipment, information, or study aids when engaged in academic work. Cheating includes being in possession of unauthorized material during testing, behaviour such as copying from another student, impersonation of a student in an examination or test, disguising one’s own identity, or any other act by which a student attempts to misrepresent their demonstration of academic skills or knowledge. (Based on and see Policy S4, Academic Integrity.)

Citizenship: For reporting purposes, RRC students are defined as belonging to one of four citizenship groups: Canadian, landed immigrants (permanent resident status), refugees, or citizens of other countries.

Classroom Delivery: A method of training delivery that involves a group setting, and that is usually complemented by labs, clinical experiences, practicums and/or work experiences.

Clinical Experience: A method of training that takes place in a clinical setting in the field of study in which students are orientated. Clinicals are taught, monitored and evaluated by RRC instructors or preceptors based on established learning outcomes. Students receive a pass or fail grade. Credits are awarded and clinical experiences are required to graduate.

Cohort: A cohort is a group of students who enroll for the first time in a program, in the same academic year, at the same location.

College-Wide Learning Outcomes:  Red River College graduates are ‘career ready.’ They communicate effectively, think critically, embrace innovation, contribute to the community, and have the potential to become leaders in their career and community. (Learn more about College-Wide Learning Outcomes.)

Collusion: Collusion is carrying out, or attempting to carry out, an agreement with any other person to commit an act of academic misconduct. (Based on and see Policy S4, Academic Integrity.)

Competitive Entry: An admission method that involves ranking applications in the order of qualification according to specific admission requirements. Applicants who are most qualified are accepted into the program first. Due to capacity restrictions, not all qualified applicants may be offered admission.

Conditional Admission: is when a person is admitted to Red River College on the condition that the person makes up for a certain requirement that they do not presently meet.

Contact Hour: One hour of scheduled learning activity with a group of students, led by an instructor, and usually in a classroom, laboratory, shop or clinical setting.

Continuing Education Programs: Continuing education programs and courses may for credit or non-credit, delivered on- or off-campus, online, streaming or face-to-face. They are generally cost-recovery funded and revenue generating, but may also be contracted or brokered.

Continuous Entry: A method by which applicants are accepted into RRC programs at various intervals throughout the academic year.

Contract Training: Programming that is delivered on a contractual basis, with government, business, industry or a funding organization, to address specific client-identified training needs.

Convocation: A formal ceremony of members of the College for the conferment of College awards.

Co-operative Education: Co-operative education is paid work experience conducted under the guidance of an experienced professional for the purpose of developing professional and employability skills. It typically occurs as a part of a specialist co-op education program that “provides alternating full-time study with full-time employment” (O’Shea, 2014). (See Policy A6, Cooperative Education.)

Co-operative Education Program: Co-operative education program is a method of program delivery that alternates periods of academic study with periods of work experience in appropriate fields of business, industry, government, social services and the professions in accordance with the following criteria:

  1. Each work term is developed in partnership with the employer and approved by the co-operative education program as a suitable learning environment;
  2. The student is engaged in productive work for which the student receives remuneration;
  3. The co-op curriculum supports student learning goals, personal evaluation and reflection;
  4. The student’s performance in the workplace is supervised and evaluated by the student’s employer;
  5. The student’s progress during their work term is monitored by the co-operative education program;
  6. Both work and academic terms are full-time and follow a formalized sequence. The total amount of co-op work experience is normally at least 30% of the time spent in academic study. For programs of two years or less the total amount may be a minimum of 25%. A work term is defined as a minimum of 12 weeks and/or 420 hours full-time paid experience;
  7. Co-op programs begin and end on an academic term;
  8. The student completing multiple work terms is normally exposed to the work environment during more than one season of the year. (Modified slightly from Co-Operative Education and Work-Integrated Learning Canada, May 2018.)

Copyright: Copyright means the rights as set out in the Copyright Act. In relation to a “work,” this means the sole right to produce or reproduce the work or any substantial part thereof in any material form whatever, to perform the work or any substantial part thereof in public or, if the work is unpublished, to publish the work or any substantial part thereof in any format. (Based on Policy A10, Intellectual Property and Copyright.)

Copyright Material: Copyright material means all original literary, dramatic, musical, artistic and cinematographic works and sound recordings, etc., including books, periodical articles, printed materials, music, photographs, films, broadcast materials, compact disks, audio and video tapes, computer software, and digital material. (Based on Policy A10, Intellectual Property and Copyright.)

Co-requisite Courses: Two or more courses that must be taken at the same time.

Cost-Recovery Funding: A method of funding that involves establishing a tuition that is intended to recover all operating and capital costs associated with program delivery. RRC programs may be funded through a grant, revenue generating or cost-recovery means; or through contracted delivery. 

Course Code: A unique identifier that is attached to, and displayed with, each course. It is composed of a four-character subject code and a four-character course number.

Course Registration: A record that a particular student has engaged in a credit or non-credit course at RRC, usually through the process called registration, and paying fees.

Course Outline: The course outline is an official document that ensures student receive accurate and up-to-date information regarding course content, requirements and expectations. Course outline format and template are governed by Policy A5, Course Outlines.

CR (Credit): CR is recorded for credit on the transcript for a course as a result of the recognition of prior learning (RPL) process or a transfer of credit from another recognized training or post-secondary education institution. (See Policy A22, Academic Standards.)

Credential: A credential is awarded for successful completion of a credit program (e.g., certificate, applied certificate, diploma, advanced diploma, post-graduate certificate, post-graduate diploma or degree). The successful student receives a parchment that specifies the credential received.

Credit Course: Planned training that has a defined set of learning outcomes or competencies and assessment processes. Credit courses are part of applied certificate, certificate, diploma, post-graduate certificate, post-graduate diploma, or degree programs, apprenticeship and licensure requirements.

Credit Program: A credit program is a RRC-approved occupation-specific education or skills training intervention that includes assessing, documenting and formally recording student achievement in the student’s permanent record. Every credit program is endowed with a specific title, length, admission requirements, course outlines, credit courses, specified learning or competencies credit units, completion requirements and credential.

Credit Unit: An expression of course value whereby 15 training hours is equal to one credit unit. Some program requirements, such as work experience, do not have associated credit units. Where credit units are applied to courses, one credit unit is equal to one billing unit. (See also Billing Unit.)

Curriculum: Refers to the learning outcomes, activities, resources and assessments that are the foundation of an academic program. (Modified from Policy A13, Program Life Cycle.)

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Degree: Degrees are programs designed to provide advanced skills and knowledge at the baccalaureate level. In addition to the applied learning focus that is the hallmark of all Red River College programs, degrees add higher level critical thinking, inquiry and problem solving skills as well as significant depth and breadth to the learning experience at a higher level than the diploma. Red River College degree programs emphasize applied coursework and active learning, particularly at the upper level (years 3 and 4). Degrees will be a minimum of 120 credits.

Designation: A designation is a professional certification, trade certification, or professional designation earned by a person to assure qualification or to warrant competence or expertise to perform a specific job or task. Such designations are subject to the standards of and oversight of professional or regulatory bodies or associations, duly constituted and acting to safeguard the public interest, normally through government laws, for professional certification, trade certification or professional designation. (Based on Policy A31, Academic Credentials and Designations for Instructional Positions.)

Diploma: Diplomas are programs designed to provide comprehensive and advanced skills training and education leading to entry-level employment in a particular occupation. The breadth and depth of training and education lead to the achievement of a higher level of learning and proficiency than a certificate. Graduates are able to apply knowledge, solve problems, undertake analysis, synthesis and evaluation in the area of practice, and they will have begun to explore processes of applied research and/or scholarship. Diploma programs typically correspond to two years of study. Programs with an extended practicum or a cooperative education component will require additional time for completion.

Disability: A permanent or ongoing condition that may hinder an individual’s full and effective participation in their academic studies. Environmental barriers can create additional barriers to full participation in the academic environment:

  • Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Deaf/hard of hearing
  • Intellectual disability
  • Specific learning disorder
  • Learning disability
  • Psychiatric or mental health disability (including fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, brain injury and chronic health conditions)
  • Physical/medical disability (including fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, brain injury and chronic health conditions)
  • Temporary disability
  • Blind/partially sighted

Distance Education: This method of education and skills training allows students to progress through course materials independently. Materials may include textbooks, digital recordings and course manuals. In some cases, telephone and/or email access to course facilitators is provided (see also Independent Study). Students write tests or exams for distance education courses at approved testing sites in or near their communities. Distance education may be complemented by laboratory, clinical or practicum requirements.

DNW (Did Not Write): DNW is recorded when a student does not write the final exam as scheduled and has permission of the Chair to write at a later date. A DNW must be cleared within three (3) calendar months of the course end date. If a grade is not submitted, the DNW will convert to a grade of F. (See Policy A22, Academic Standards.) 

Dual Credit Student: A dual credit student is a high school student who may be admitted with permission of the high school. Dual credit students will only be registered in dual credit courses recognized by the Department of Education or a successor Department. (From Policy A1, Application and Admission to College Programs.)

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Enrolment: Enrolment represents the number of students registered in a RRC course or enrolled in a RRC program at a specified point in time. 

Equated: A course(s) that has been delivered through RRC will automatically be considered for credit in all RRC programs providing it is identical (same course learning outcomes, credit hours and assessment criteria or essential components) or equated to a specific program course. (See Policy A14, Recognition of Prior Learning.)

Equity Status: There are four designated equity groups in Canada (defined in the Employment Equity Act of Canada and the Federal Contractor’s Program); therefore, RRC defines its equity applicants and students as women, persons with disabilities, members of visible minorities and Indigenous persons. Individuals with equity status must self-declare in order for RRC to collect, act on and report this information.

Equivalent Course Credit: RRC may grant credit for a specific RRC course(s) on the basis of credit previously obtained either internally through another RRC course(s) externally through courses completed at another institution. Equivalent course credit is not reciprocal unless it is specifically declared.

Expulsion: Expulsion is an action that permanently excludes the student from attending the College. Expulsions will be implemented by the appropriate Vice President with recommendations and documentation provided by a Dean. (Based on Policy S2, Student Discipline.)

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False or Misleading Representation: False or misleading representation is misrepresenting, exaggerating, withholding information or providing any false information for academic or financial benefit. It may involve disclosing false, or withholding accurate, information in communication with College staff during the course of a student’s studies, or in the application process. It may involve falsifying research, data, or information submitted as academic work. It may further involve forging or falsifying official College documents, such as grade reports, transcripts or other records. (Based on Policy S4, Academic Integrity.) 

Flipped Classroom: The flipped classroom is an instructional strategy and a type of blended learning that reverses the traditional learning environment by delivering instructional content, often online, outside of the classroom. (Wikipedia, August 2018)

Formal Learning: Formal learning means learning that is usually organized by professional educators and leads to a qualification or academic credential. It traditionally takes place in educational institutions such as colleges and universities. Recognition of formal learning typically leads to a transfer of credit. (See Policy A14, Recognition of Prior Learning.)

Full-time Course Load: Full-time course load is the usual number of credits or hours required in a year for normal progression in a credentialed program.

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Geographic Origin: This is generally an applicant’s or student’s permanent address at the time of application to a program or course registration.

Grade: The grade assigned to a course is based on an accumulation of a student’s score on the methods of evaluation of that course. Grades will be recoded on a student’s transcript. (Modified Policy A22)

Grade Point Average (GPA): Credit hours attached to a course will reflect the course hours. These credit hours will be used as the course weighting when calculating the grade point average. A grade point average (GPA) will be calculated by:

  1. Multiplying the grade points achieved in each course taken by the course credit hours.
  2. Dividing the weighted total grade points earned by the total credit hours for the courses taken.

GPA = Weighted Total Grade Points Earned

Total Credit Hours

(See Policy A22, Student Evaluation and Progression.)

Gradebook: Is a tool in LEARN that tracks student grades in one place. It allows instructors to drill down to individual student responses or access statistics about the entire class. It helps the College conduct analytics to identify problems or successes in programs. (From Policy A22)

Graduand: A student who has completed the requirements for, but has not yet been awarded a particular credential (certificate, diploma, degree).

Graduate: A graduate is a student that has completed the requisite number of courses in a credentialed academic program, within a designated timeframe, and met the College’s residency requirement. When graduated, a student receives a credential from Red River College.

Grant Funding: A method of funding that involves the provision of a government grant to develop and deliver a RRC credit program (all grant-funded courses are credit courses). RRC programs are funded through either grant-funded, revenue generating, or cost-recovery means; or through contracted delivery.

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Headcount: The number of individual students registered in courses in a given period of time. Since students can be registered in more than one program or more than one institution at a time, a unique headcount is sometimes called ‘unduplicated headcount’.

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INC (Incomplete): INC is recoded when a student has outstanding course work. INC must be cleared within three (3) calendar months of the course end date. If outstanding requirements are not completed within the three-month period, the grade of INC will be converted to a grade of F. (See Policy A22, Academic Standards.)

Informal Learning: Informal learning means learning that takes place through work and life experiences. Learning activities are not structured or officially evaluated. (See Policy A14, Recognition of Prior Learning.)

Intellectual Property: Intellectual property shall mean any form of expression or knowledge created with one’s intellect, including inventions, computer software, patents, trademarks, literary, artistic, musical works and know-how. (Based on and see Policy A10, Intellectual Property and Copyright.)

International Visa Student: Also referred to simply as an “international student,” is a student from outside Canada who has a study permit approved by Immigration, Refugee, Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

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Lab: A lab may be a course or a component of a course that takes place at Red River College or other specified laboratory facilities where students learn, practice and demonstrate critical competencies.

Learning Outcomes: Learning outcomes refer to the knowledge, skills and attitudes students are expected to demonstrate as a result of the learning process. Outcomes may be identified at a lesson, module, unit, course, program and/or college-wide level. (Modified from Policy A13, Program Life Cycle.)

Learning Management System (LMS): A learning management system is a software application for the administration, documentation, tracking, reporting and delivery of educational courses or training programs. (From Wikipedia, August 2018)

LEARN: LEARN is Red River College’s learning management system. LEARN is used by both distance education as well as face-to-face programs. LEARN is an ideal place to distribute course materials from, deliver testing/quizzing, and accept assignments. LEARN has a robust gradebook system as well as many advanced features such as the rubric tool and a competency/learning outcomes tracking system. (From TLTC website, August 2018.)

Letter of Permission: Students may take courses at other post-secondary institutions for transfer credit provided their home institution approves the courses in advance, with a letter of permission.

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Methods of Evaluation: A student’s final grade in a course will be determined by evaluation methods based on the learning outcomes of the course. Examples of evaluation methods include:

  • quizzes, assessments, mid-term assessments and final examinations
  • laboratory or shop work
  • written assignments, essays and term papers
  • log book
  • checklist
  • case studies
  • capstone projects
  • oral presentations
  • portfolios
  • simulations
  • supervised practical experience
  • ongoing formative and summative assessment
  • participation and attendance (Modified from Policy A22, Academic Standards.)

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NC (Not Complete): NC is recorded when a student is unsuccessful in a Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) process. (See Policy A22, Academic Standards.)

New Immigrant Student: Usually known as a “permanent resident,” a new immigrant student is a “person who has legally immigrated to Canada but is not yet a Canadian citizen” (IRCC).

Non-Credit Courses: Courses that are designed to improve career opportunities or personal skills. These courses are not part of a credit program; therefore, they do not lead to the award of a Red River College credential or meet requirements for licensure. Non-credit course codes include a four-digit alpha and a four-digit numeric format.

Non-formal Learning: Non-formal learning means learning usually offered by a sector, professional group or a company to deal with specific training needs. Formal assessment may or may not be included. (See Policy A14, Recognition of Prior Learning.)

NR (Not Recorded): NR is recorded if an instructor has not submitted a grade within three months of a course end date. (Based on and see Policy A22, Academic Standards.)

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Official Transcript: An official transcript means a transcript received from the post-secondary institution which issues same.

Original Transcript: Original transcript means a transcript that is provided by the applicant or high school, and retained by Red River College. (See Policy A1, Application and Admission to College Programs.)

Original Document: Original document means property of the applicant provided to the institution for the purposes of admission. (See Policy A1, Application and Admission to College Programs.) 

Online Learning – Online learning is a method of delivering education and skills training at a distance, without the student needing to attend classes in person and on-campus. Online learning may be synchronous or asynchronous.

  • Synchronous online learning allows students to log in to a course at a designated time to meet with the instructor and other students. Students will hear the instructor and other students and see text, graphics and / or video streaming.
  • Asynchronous online learning allows students to access a course online by logging in at any time it is convenient. Students will have email and telephone access to an instructor. And depending on the course design, students may communicate with the instructor and students using collaboration tools.

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Part-Time Program Enrolment: There are two types of part-time program enrolment: (1) students enrolled in programs that have a part-time delivery, who work through courses as they are offered; and (2) students enrolled in full-time programs, who choose to work through their courses on a part-time basis.

Part-Time Student: A part-time student is one enrolled in a RRC program and taking less than:

  • 15 hours per week per semester (1-week period) – certificate, diploma and apprenticeship programs
  • 12 hours per week (less than 12 weeks) — Basic Education programs

Persister: A student who either continues in a program from the point of enrolment to graduation or withdrawal, or who withdraws and returns to the same program within five years.

Plagiarism: Plagiarism is representing the words, ideas, research, or data created by, or belonging to, someone else as if it were your own. Plagiarism may range from close imitation or paraphrasing the thoughts of another, to the submission of an entire academic work created by someone else. All forms of plagiarism share a common element: material is being presented as the student’s original academic work, without acknowledgement, use of quotation marks, citations, or other references deemed appropriate by College staff. Plagiarism also includes submitting the same work for credit in more than one course. Students who want to submit work that was prepared for another course must first receive instructor permission. (Based on Policy S4, Academic Integrity.)

Post-Graduate Certificate: Post graduate certificates are designed to build on skills and knowledge gained in previous post-secondary level education or lead to a higher degree of specialization in the same or related field. Program emphasis is placed on achieving advanced levels of learning outcomes for specialized or skilled work. 

Post-Graduate Diploma: Post-baccalaureate diplomas are programs of study that are open to those who have graduated from a recognized post-secondary institution diploma, advanced diploma or baccalaureate degree program. These programs are intended to deepen knowledge and skills and provide specialized industry related education and skills training to enhance and/or complement a previously earned credential(s).

Post-Secondary Programs: Post-secondary programs are programs that require secondary school completion (Grade 12 or equivalent).

Practicum: Practicum refers to the experience by which professional capabilities are developed in a work setting, with the aim of meeting professional registration requirements. The work experience is often a requirement of the academic program, with learning content and assessment developed based on standards and professional competencies as defined by the accrediting body. Other terms used to describe a practicum work experience include professional practice placement, clinical placement or professional placement (O’Shea, 2014).

Pre-requisite Course: A course that must be successfully completed prior to entering the course for which it is a pre-requisite.

Preceptorship. A structured, supportive period of transition from learning to applying a complex skill (e.g., nursing) that requires a long and rigourous period of applied education. Preceptorship is similar to apprenticeship and serves as a bridge during the transition from student nurse to practitioner.

Probation, Performance Behavioural or Learning Contracts: These contracts establish specific requirements, tasks or conditions that individual students must meet within a stipulated time period.

Program: A program is represented by a defined set of credit courses and other requirements leading to an approved credential in a specific field of study (see also Credit Program).

Program Inventory: A document that identifies all current RRC-approved programs. The inventory is available through Institutional Analysis and Planning.

Program Life Cycle: Program Life Cycle refers to the evolution of a program over time, from initiation through development, delivery, evaluation, revision, and where applicable, suspension and termination. (See Policy A13 – Program Life Cycle.) 

Program Students: Program students means students who are admitted into a program under all admission categories excluding undeclared student (as that term is defined herein). (See Policy A1, Application and Admission to College Programs.)

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Recognition of Prior Learning: Recognition of prior learning (RPL) is a process that involves the identification, documentation, assessment and recognition of formal (specifically transfer credit), informal and non-formal learning acquired through education, work and life experience. (See Policy A14, Recognition of Prior Learning.)

Refugee Student: A refugee student is “A permanent resident who applied for and received permanent resident status in Canada after their refugee claim was accepted” (IRCC).

Registration: A process of student enrollment in individual courses that often requires paying tuition and student or ancillary fees.

Reprimand: A reprimand is an action that officially recognizes a violation of good conduct and advises the student to avoid future infractions. An initial reprimand may be oral in nature. If a student fails to comply with this reprimand, a written notification of the reprimand will be issued. It will outline the violation and the implication of further misconduct. A copy of the written notification will be placed in the student’s file in the Office of the Registrar. The student shall be permitted to continue as a student in the College. (Based on Policy S2, Student Discipline.)

Requirement: A course that must be successfully completed in order to complete a credential and graduate.

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Sabotage: Sabotage is the deliberate destruction, disruption or tampering of another person’s academic work or learning environment. (Based on and see Policy S4, Academic Integrity.)

Shop: This method of training involves the use of an on- or off-campus shop or mobile training lab to facilitate students’ developing industry-related skills required for a course or program. Students are monitored and evaluated by RRC instructors based on established learning outcomes. Shop hours are considered the same as course hours (15 hours equals one credit unit), and may be integrated within a course.

Simulation: This method of training involves the use of an on- or off-campus simulation centre to provide practice-based training related to a student’s field of study. Students are monitored and evaluated by RRC instructors based on established learning outcomes. Fifteen hours of simulation time is equal to one credit unit.

Special Selection: Special selection refers to those programs that have admission requirements beyond academic requirements. Applicants to special selection programs may need to demonstrate their suitability by, for example, submitting a portfolio, taking some testing, completing a take-home assignment, participating in an interview or in multiple mini interviews.

Statement of Achievement: Statement of achievement programs develop fundamental competencies, general knowledge and foundational skills for a limited range of activities in a specific application of an occupation. Graduates will be able to work in a limited range of activities undertaking a prescribed range of functions. A statement of achievement program provides preparation for employment at entry-level positions in the field of work or study.

Student Contact Hours: The number of hours that a student and an instructor are in contact with each other. Usually this number is derived from the number of scheduled hours that a course meets or estimated based on the number of hours that a student is expected to attend during an enrolment period.

Suspension: Suspension is an action that excludes the student from a course, practicum, program or the College on a temporary basis. The length of suspension shall either be for a specific period of time, or until such time as the student satisfies the conditions imposed by the appropriate College authority at the time of the suspension. (Based on and see Policy S2, Student Discipline and Policy A22, Academic Standards.)

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Technicians: Specialists who have expertise with, and precise knowledge of, technical equipment and practices. They install, service, calibrate and troubleshoot equipment. Technicians also provide support, monitor production control, define problems and generally use a “hands-on” approach in their work.

Technologists: Technical experts who use their knowledge and skills to solve problems using principles underlying their respective disciplines. Responsibilities may include supervision, designing equipment, processes or systems, project management and participating in short- and long-range planning.

Term: A term is an academic period of study defined by the College.

Transcript: The official document provided by RRC that verifies the student’s enrollment and achievement in an institution. 

Transfer Credit: Transfer credit may be granted either internally or externally. Internally, credit may be transferred for courses completed in one program and applied to another program. Externally, credit may be transferred for courses completed at another recognized post-secondary institution in Canada or internationally.

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Unauthorized Collaboration: Unauthorized collaboration is submitting academic work that was created in collaboration with any other person, when such collaboration did not have the instructor’s approval. (Based on and see Policy S4, Academic Integrity.)

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Withdrawal (Course): A student’s status whereby the student has voluntarily and formally withdrawn from a course, and has not completed the requirements of the course.

Withdrawal (Program): A student’s status whereby the student has either voluntarily and formally withdrawn from a program or has been required to discontinue by RRC, and has not completed the requirements of the program.

Withdrawal – Authorized (AW): A student who must withdraw from a course or program for a medical or compassionate reason may be given an authorized withdrawal (AW). AWs will be recorded on the student’s transcript. AWs are not included in the maximum number of voluntary withdrawals permitted in some programs. AW requests must be supported by satisfactory documentation and approved by the Chair.

Withdrawal – Involuntary (IW): A student may be withdrawn from a course or program for behavioural reasons. An involuntary withdrawal is initiated by the program or the College. IWs will be recorded on the student’s transcript. A student who is involuntarily withdrawn may not be eligible for any refund of tuition and fees. The student’s transcript will record the transcript notation “Program Suspension” during the suspension period.

Voluntary Withdrawal: A student who formally withdraws from one or more courses after the add/drop period ends and before 80% of the course duration will have a voluntary withdrawal (VW) recorded on his/her transcript. Unofficial withdrawals (no documentation submitted to the Student Services Centre by the deadline) will result in courses being assigned a grade of “F.” Students may not withdraw from courses for which they have already completed all course work or received a final grade. Fees may be adjusted in accordance with the billing/refund table. Courses dropped after the five business day add/drop period appear on the transcript with a designation of VW.

Work-Integrated Learning: A pedagogical practice whereby students come to learn from the integration of experiences in educational and workplace settings (Billett, 2009).

Work-Based Training: Learning that is linked to the work role and has three interrelated components: learning structured to the workplace, on-the-job, and off-the-job learning opportunities.

Work Experience: A method of delivery that involves on-the-job training (previously called work placement). Students are supervised by employers and monitored by RRC faculty or staff.

  • Students receive a complete or not complete grade
  • Work experience is a requirement for graduating but no credits are awarded
  • Minimum length is one week
  • Tuition is assessed at a flat rate and in accordance with Policy A19, Tuition and Fees.

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