Finding Digital Content at RRC

Red River College and its staff members are responsible for ensuring that all content being delivered to students is in compliance with copyright regulations. As an employee of Red River College you are bound by P7, the College’s Fair Dealing (Copyright) Policy. More information can be found on the Library’s Copyright Compliance page at

The College, its staff and students shall not reproduce any works to which Copyright subsists without a license or other permission of the Copyright owner or the representative of the Copyright owner, unless such reproduction is otherwise permitted by law. One exception to Copyright is the Fair Dealing exception. This policy outlines guidelines for copying under the Fair Dealing exception. All staff and students shall follow these guidelines.

What is Fair Dealing?

Fair dealing is a user’s right in copyright law permitting use of, or “dealing” with, a copyright protected work without permission or payment of copyright royalties. The fair dealing exception in the Copyright Act allows you to use other people’s copyright protected material for the purpose of research, private study, education, satire, parody, criticism, review or news reporting, provided that what you do with the work is ‘fair’. If your purpose is criticism, review or news reporting, you must also mention the source and author of the work for it to be fair dealing.

What is fair dealing and how does it relate to copyright?” by Simon Fraser University is licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0.

Copying Guidelines – Red River College’s Policy

  1. Except where otherwise stated, these copying guidelines apply to those making a single copy from a work protected by copyright for the purposes of research, private study, review, criticism or news reporting in circumstances in which the consent of the owner of copyright has not been secured and is not required by reason of the fair dealing exception in the Copyright Act. Permission from a copyright holder may be required where the copy falls outside of these guidelines.
  2. Single copies that are permitted to be made pursuant to this policy must be made only from publications in which copyright subsists, such as, books, journals and other periodical publications, newspapers and magazines (“Published Works”). A copy may only be made from a lawful copy of the work in the possession of the College, and if the lawful copy is in electronic form, there is no restriction against making a copy under the contractual terms relating to the Published Work.
  3. No copying may exceed 10 per cent of a Published Work, other than a textbook produced primarily for the post secondary education market, or the following, whichever is greater:
    • an entire chapter from a book provided that it does not exceed 20 per cent of the book;
    • an entire article from a periodical publication;
    • an entire short story, play, poem or essay from a book or periodical publication;
    • an entire entry from an encyclopedia, dictionary, annotated bibliography or similar reference book;
    • an entire reproduction of an artistic work from a book or periodical
    • publication; and
    • a single musical score from a book or periodical publication.
  4. No copying  may  exceed  5  per  cent  of  a  textbook  produced  primarily  for the post secondary education market, or the following, whichever is greater:
    • an entire chapter from a textbook provided that it does not exceed 10 per cent of the textbook;
    • an entire  short  story,  play,  poem  or  essay  from  the  textbook provided that it does not exceed 10 per cent of the textbook; and
    • an entire reproduction of an artistic work or a single musical score from the  textbook  provided  that  it  does  not  exceed  10  per  cent  of  the textbook.
  5. Notwithstanding any of the other provisions of these guidelines, no copies may be made of the following:
    • any of  the  works  referred  to  in  paragraphs  3(b)  to  3(f)  of  these guidelines  where  the  publication  containing  the  work  does  not  contain other    For  example,  no  copy  may  be  made  of  a  play  from  a publication containing the play but no other work;
    • unpublished works,  subject  to  the  provisions  of  paragraph  10 below;
    • proprietary workbooks,  work  cards,  assignment  sheets,  tests  and examination papers;
    • instruction manuals;
    • newsletters with restricted circulation intended to be restricted to a fee paying clientele; or
    • business cases which are made available for purchase.
  6. Each paper copy made pursuant to Parts II, III and IV of these guidelines shall contain,  on  at  least  one  page,  the  name  of  the  author  or  artist  (where known),  the  title  of  the  publication  from  which  the  copy  was  made,  the  name  of the publisher of that publication and the following statement: “This copy is made solely for the use by a student, staff member, faculty  member  or  library  patron  for  research,  private  study, review,  criticism  or  news    Any other use may  be  an infringement of copyright if done without securing the permission of the copyright owner.”
  7. Each electronic  copy  made  pursuant  to  Parts  II,  III  and  IV  of  these guideline shall have the information and statement referred to in paragraph 6 on at  least  one  page,  except  for  an  electronic  copy  made  available  from  a  server pursuant to these guidelines, where that information and statement could instead be  associated  with  the  copy  such  that  notice  of  that  information  and  statement would come to the attention of the person who accesses the copy.
  8. If a  fee  is  charged  for  making  a  copy  the  fee  is  set  no  more  than  an amount representing a reasonable approximation of the actual cost of making and delivering the copy.
  9. College staff shall  use  reasonable  efforts  to  guard  against  systematic, cumulative copying from the same work which in total exceeds the portion of the work  that  may  be  copied  pursuant  to  these  guidelines  and  to  ensure  that  the number of copies made complies with this policy. If College staff suspects that a student, or other staff member is engaged in systematic, cumulative copying, the matter  must  be  referred  to  the Corporate  Counsel or  his  or  her  delegate  for review,  and  any  further  requests  from  that  student or staff  member  may  be refused.
  10. Requests for  the  making  of  copies  which  fall  outside  these  copying guidelines  and  requests  for  making  of  copies  of  unpublished  works  may  be referred  to  the Corporate  Counselor  to  his  or  her delegate  for    A determination will be made as to whether the proposed copies are permissible in all the circumstances relating to the requests and may ultimately be refused. The evaluation will examine all relevant circumstances, including:
    • the purpose  of  the  proposed  copying,  including  whether  it  is  for research, private study, review, criticism or news reporting;
    • the character   of   the   proposed   copying,   including   whether   it involves single or multiple copies, and whether the copy is destroyed after it is used for its specific intended purpose;
    • the amount  or  proportion  of  the  work  which  is  proposed  to  be copied and the importance of that work;
    • alternatives to copying the work, including whether there is a non-copyrighted equivalent available;
    • the nature of   the   work,   including   whether   it   is   published  or unpublished; and
    • the effect  of  the  copying  on  the  work,  including  whether  the  copy will compete with the commercial market of the original work.

For more information, consult P7, Red River College’s Fair Dealing (Copyright) Policy

How do I know if I Have the Right to use a Copyrighted Resource?

Ask yourself these questions:

  1. Am I linking to a resource provided by RRC’s Library?
  2. Do I have an explicit written license to use this content?
  3. Did I retrieve this content from a page that explicitly gave me the right to use it?
    • Did that website have the right to let you use it? For example, did it give you HBO content for free? If so you should question whether the site actually owned the content in the first place.
  4. Does the use of the content fall under Fair Dealing rights?
  5. Have I properly cited the source of this content?

Making Use of Red River College Resources

Red River College Library

The library has thousands of videos across many disciplines that are available to use within your course. Access the Library Catalogue as well as Streaming Video Resources from this link:

Streaming Video Resources include access to NFB, CBC Curio, CBC News, Health Care Aide Collection and many more.

Red River College Marketing and Web Presence

Marketing and Web Presence has a “Toolkit” available from there blog:

Notably within the toolkit are:

External Resources

Google Images

Google images will allow you to filter your image search by license.


In the above example I found noncommercial re-use image file by:

  1. Going to and searching for the topic I was interested in
  2. Clicked “Images”
  3. Clicked “Search Tools”
  4. Clicked the “Usage rights” button and filtered by the usage rights gives you the ability to search by license:


  1. Search for the images you are interested in
  2. Select the appropriate license is a non-profit library of millions of free books, movies, software, music, websites, and more., and other video resources

Youtube, and other online video resources will typically include an option to link or embed their video content.  Linking and embedding is the correct way to include these resources in your online materials.  By linking or embedding the video the actual file is still residing on the provider’s server therefore copyright compliance will be the responsibility of the uploader, copyright holder, and youtube.  If you were to download that video however you may be in violation of copyright.

There are a few things to keep in mind when linking to content from an external server.

  • If you don’t control the original video it could disappear at any time. You need to regularly confirm the content is still available for students.
  • If the content is something that is clearly not owned by the uploader you can still link to it, but you should expect it will be taken down.
  • Embedding content in a page in LEARN is generally preferred over just linking to the video. An embedded video will allow the user to view the content from inside LEARN rather than directing student to another page that takes them away from the lesson.

Public Domain Content

When a work is in the public domain, it is free for use by anyone for any purpose without restriction under copyright law. Public domain is the purest form of open/free, since no one owns or controls the material in any way.

Works that are in the public domain in one legal jurisdiction are not necessarily in the public domain worldwide. Copyright laws differ from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, both in duration of protection and what constitutes copyrightable subject matter. For example a US Government work clearly in the public domain in the United States may or may not be free of copyright restrictions and in the public domain in other jurisdiction. At present, one of the only ways to be certain that a particular work is in the public domain worldwide is to see if the copyright holder has dedicated all rights to the work to the public domain by using CC0.

Public Domain” by Creative Commons Corporation is licensed under CC BY 4.0

Creative Commons

A Creative Commons (CC) license is one of several public copyright licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work. A CC license is used when an author wants to give people the right to share, use, and build upon a work that they have created. CC provides an author flexibility (for example, they might choose to allow only non-commercial uses of their own work) and protects the people who use or redistribute an author’s work from concerns of copyright infringement as long as they abide by the conditions that are specified in the license by which the author distributes the work.

There are several types of CC licenses. The licenses differ by several combinations that condition the terms of distribution. They were initially released on December 16, 2002 by Creative Commons, a U.S. non-profit corporation founded in 2001. There have also been four versions of the suite of licenses, numbered 1.0 through 4.0. As of 2016, the 4.0 license suite is the most current.

Creative Commons License” by Wikipedia is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0

Types of licenses

The CC licenses all grant the “baseline rights”, such as the right to distribute the copyrighted work worldwide for non-commercial purposes, and without modification.[11] The details of each of these licenses depend on the version, and comprises a selection out of four conditions:

Icon Right Description
Attribution Attribution (BY) Licensees may copy, distribute, display and perform the work and make derivative works and remixes based on it only if they give the author or licensor the credits (attribution) in the manner specified by these.
Share-alike Share-alike (SA) Licensees may distribute derivative works only under a license identical (“not more restrictive”) to the license that governs the original work. (See also copyleft.) Without share-alike derivative works might be sublicensed with compatible but more restrictive license clauses, e.g. CC BY to CC BY-NC.)
Non-commercial Non-commercial (NC) Licensees may copy, distribute, display, and perform the work and make derivative works and remixes based on it only for non-commercial purposes.
Non-derivative No Derivative Works (ND) Licensees may copy, distribute, display and perform only verbatim copies of the work, not derivative works and remixes based on it.

Creative Commons License” by Wikipedia is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0


More information:

Image Confusion – Where to Find Images That Don’t Infringe Copyright

Proper Attribution