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Teaching Essentials

Credential Qualification Framework

Overview

Red River College issues a number of official documents indicating the completion of academic programs or courses.

Criteria for Red River College program credentials support student and employer understanding of the scope of knowledge, skills and application of knowledge and skills underlying each credential issued by the College. The criteria identified for each statement and credential will also assist faculty in the implementation, revision and delivery of programs.

See Policy A12 – Issuing College Credentials, which also includes the Credential Qualification Framework Table.

The Framework

Red River College Credential Qualification Framework describes each credential as related to the knowledge and skills and the application of the knowledge and skills that can be expected of a graduate from a credentialed program. The framework demonstrates both the interrelationships and differences of each credential.

The Red River College Credential Qualification Framework was developed through research and examination of several existing frameworks and their relationship to Red River College models for program credentials. Red River College would like to acknowledge the influences in developing its credential framework:

This Credential Qualification Framework provides information related to each credential as follows:

  •  Credential name
  •  Credential credit unit range
  •  Credential range of lengths
  •  Brief description of the credential
  •  Admission requirements
  •  Knowledge associated to the credential
  •  Skills associated to the credential
  •  Application of the knowledge and skills associated to the credential

Knowledge is defined as what a graduate can be expected to know and understand. Knowledge is described in terms of breadth and depth as well as knowledge of methodologies and research.

Skills are defined as what a graduate can be expected to be able to do. These skills include foundational, cognitive and communication skills.

Application of Knowledge and Skills is defined as how a graduate applies the knowledge and skills they have learned. The application of skills and knowledge includes the application of knowledge including, but not limited to, abilities in problem solving, decision making, analysis, synthesis and evaluation. It also includes application of skills, awareness of limits of knowledge and how those limits can impact interpretations, and professional capacity and autonomy including transferable skills, initiative, responsibility, integrity and accountability.

Credential Designations

Statement of Achievement

Description: Statement of Achievement programs develop fundamental competencies, general knowledge and foundational skills for a limited range of activities in a specific application of an occupation. Graduates will be able to work in a limited range of activities undertaking a prescribed range of functions. A certificate of achievement program provides preparation for employment at entry- level positions in the field of work or study.

Credit Units: less than 16 CU

Length: hours may vary

Admission Requirements: The admission requirements include program specific requirements plus a range of learning from open access to specific grade requirements such as Grade 10, 11 or grade 12.

Knowledge:

  • introductory practical and technical knowledge for a specific area in a field of work or defined context
  • understanding a defined range of practical and technical knowledge for a limited range of activities in a specific application of an occupation
  • knowledge for processing well-defined tasks and understanding functions involving known routines and procedures
  • understanding limits of personal knowledge and what is beyond the scope of their abilities or capacity

Skills:

  • basic cognitive, technical and communication skills to apply appropriate tools, methods, materials and information for a structured field of study or context
  • undertake defined tasks in a structured field or context
  • basic interpersonal, listening and communication abilities
  • respond to visual, spoken and written communications
  • provide solutions for a limited range of predictable types of problems
  • collaborate with others as part of a team

Application of the Knowledge and Skills:

  • apply knowledge and skills to recognize and act on basic relationships between assignments and tasks
  • perform a defined set of procedures and routines with some accountability
  • perform a limited number and type of non-routine functions where the choice of actions is clear
  • apply relevant information from a variety of sources
  • undertake personal responsibility for structured activities with some guidance
  • demonstrate limited autonomy and judgement in structured and stable contexts

Example programs: very short programs that teach food safety and handling, stucco application, leadership skills. These types of programs teach general foundational knowledge and skills in a specific area.

Applied Certificate

Description: Applied Certificate programs develop basic factual, technical and procedural knowledge and basic cognitive, technical and communication skills for a limited range of activities in a specific application of an occupation. Graduates can apply knowledge and skills to complete routine tasks and will be able to work with limited autonomy in structured work settings. An applied certificate provides preparation for employment at entry-level positions in the field of work or study.

Credit Units: 16 to 40 CU

Length: 240 to 600 hours

Admission requirements: The admission requirements include program specific requirements plus a range of learning from open access to specific grade requirements such as Grade 10, 11 or grade 12.

Knowledge:

  •  introductory practical and technical knowledge for a field of study or occupation
  •  understanding a defined range of technical and practical knowledge and a limited range oftheoretical knowledge in a specific application of an occupation
  •  knowledge for processing well-defined tasks and understanding functions involving knownroutines and procedures and employing relevant principles and practices to those routines
  •  understanding limits of personal knowledge and what is beyond the scope of their abilities orcapacity

Skills:

  • basic cognitive, technical and communication skills to apply appropriate tools, methods, materials and information within a field of study
  • ability to undertake defined tasks within a field of study or context and evaluate tasks according to pre-set criteria
  • basic interpersonal, listening and communication abilities
  • ability to communicate clearly and concisely in relation to job responsibilities
  • ability to transfer some knowledge and skills to others
  • capacity for exercising some autonomy and provide solutions for a limited range of problems
  • collaborate with others as part of a team

Application of the Knowledge and Skills:

  • apply knowledge and skills to analyze and evaluate activities and outcomes from set criteria
  • establish relationships between required functions and assigned tasks
  • apply and evaluate relevant information from a variety of sources
  • take responsibility for completing activities and procedures in limited situations and take some accountability for quality of outcomes
  • demonstrate autonomy and limited judgement with some guidance such as choosing appropriate actions given a range of clearly articulated options
  • apply a systematic approach to anticipate and solve problems

Example programs: short programs in trades such as (pre-employment) carpentry, welding and electrician; power engineering 5th class, railway conductor, or residential decorating. These types of programs teach basic introductory level skills and knowledge.

Certificate

Description: Certificates are programs designed to provide broad practical knowledge, some theoretical knowledge, and a broad range of cognitive, technical and communication skills leading to entry-level employment in a particular occupation. Certificate program learning outcomes are normally found at the basic knowledge and application level. A certificate provides preparation for employment at entry-level positions in the field of work or study plus some breadth in general education beyond the field of study.

Credit Units: 45 to 75 CU

Length: 660 to 1140 hours

Admission requirements: The admission requirements include program specific requirements with a minimum Grade 12 or mature student.

Knowledge:

  • broad practical and technical knowledge and some theoretical knowledge in the field of study or occupation with some breadth in general education outside the field of study
  • understanding of a defined range of technical, practical and theoretical concepts
  • knowledge for processing well-defined tasks that are less structured, more complex and non-routine
  • understanding of procedures and capacity for determining solutions to predictable problemsand some unpredictable problems
  • understanding limits of personal knowledge and increased awareness of what is beyond the scope of their abilities or capacity

Skills:

  • broad range of cognitive, technical and communication skills to interpret, select and apply appropriate tools, methods, materials and information within a field of study
  • undertake a range of routine tasks in a range of contexts where choice of actions is typically clear
  • intermediate interpersonal, listening, cognitive and communication skills
  • communicate clearly and concisely and transfer technical knowledge to a range of audiences
  • provide known solutions to a range of predictable problems and to deal with unforeseen issues using the known solutions
  • perform tasks and attain quality of output with some responsibility and autonomy subject to oversight and guidance
  • share and receive specialized knowledge and demonstrate and explain skills to team members
  • use primary research sources for concept development

Application of the Knowledge and Skills:

  • apply knowledge and skills to some complex or non-routine activities
  • undertake activities involving individual responsibility, autonomy and judgement and collaboration with others
  • take on limited responsibility for own outputs and some accountability for quality of outcomes in known contexts where the choice of actions required is clear
  • adapt and transfer skills and knowledge within routines, methods, procedures and time constraints
  • apply a variety of thinking skills and a systematic approach to anticipate and solve problems
  • analyze, apply and evaluate relevant information from a variety of sources
  • demonstrate autonomy and judgement in known and changing contexts

Example programs: accounting, business, dental assisting, health care aide, rehabilitation assistant, greenspace horticulture, occupational health & safety, aerospace manufacturing and cabinetry & woodworking technician. These types of programs teach learning outcomes normally found at the basic knowledge and application level.

Diploma

Description: Diplomas are programs designed to provide comprehensive and advanced skills training and education leading to entry-level employment in a particular occupation. The breadth and depth of training and education lead to the achievement of a higher level of learning and proficiency than a certificate. Graduates are able to apply knowledge, solve problems, undertake analysis, synthesis and evaluation in the area of practice, and they will have begun to explore processes of applied research and/or scholarship.

Credit Units: 100 to 135 CU

Length: 1500 to 2025 hours

Admission requirements: Diploma admission requirements include program specific requirements and Grade 12 or certificate in the same field.

Knowledge:

  • advanced technical and theoretical knowledge and concepts of a specific discipline or broad field of study or occupation with some depth in the field of study or occupation
  • some breadth in general education beyond the field of study and general knowledge of specialties in the field of study
  • knowledge for processing specialized and complex tasks and determining solutions to problems with unfamiliar patterns
  • theoretical knowledge to choose appropriate principles and procedures for activities with some supervision
  • awareness of current practices, evolving research and general knowledge of approaches to research in the field
  • understanding limits of personal knowledge and an appreciation of methods and techniques they are not qualified to employ.

Skills:

  • broad range of cognitive, technical and practical skills to apply standards for problem solving and complete complex tasks within the field of practice
  • critical thinking and analytical skills within the field
  • undertake a range of tasks in a range of contexts and take initiative in planning and designing technical management and learning activities
  • advanced interpersonal skills and abilities with capacity to guide and instruct others and take accountability for self and others in achieving outcomes
  • clearly and concisely present complex information using terminology in the field and communicate solutions that meet the needs of diverse audiences
  • ability and skills to understand and assess written materials in the field
  • exercise sound judgement in management of work assignments and work independently and/or as part of a team
  • take some responsibility for supervision of others
  • engage in research in a supervised context and apply learning

Application of the Knowledge and Skills:

  • apply knowledge and skills to a range of complex and non-routine activities and to coordinate and evaluate those activities
  • apply knowledge and skills for successful performance in a complex occupational setting
  • demonstrate thinking skills, capacity to employ a systematic approach to anticipate and solve problems
  • demonstrate knowledge of procedures and capacity for planning and initiating alternate approaches in developing solutions to common problems and in some unfamiliar situations
  • demonstrate ability to plan and select alternative actions or approaches and use judgement for required tasks
  • ability to plan, design, implement and assess activities using knowledge and skills of the field with some autonomy
  • ability to make critical use of scholarly reviews and primary sources
  • ability to use judgement to plan, design, implement and assess activities using knowledge and skills of the field with an intermediate level of autonomy

Example programs: child and youth care, business administration, medical laboratory sciences, culinary arts, hospitality and tourism management, digital media design, advanced care paramedic and power engineering technology. The breadth of depth of types of programs lead to achievement of higher level of learning and proficiency than a certificate.

Advanced Diploma

Description: An advanced diploma leads to the achievement of a higher level of learning and proficiency than a diploma. Graduates demonstrate additional depth and breadth of knowledge for complex and non-routine activities, increased conceptual knowledge of methodologies and research, and increased application of knowledge and professional capacity and autonomy.

Credit Units: 140 to 170 CU

Length: 2100 to 2500 hours

Admission requirements: Advanced diploma admission requirements include program specific requirements and Grade 12 or certificate in the same field.

Knowledge:

  • advanced, comprehensive and integrated technical and theoretical knowledge and concepts of a specific discipline or broad field of study with added depth in at least one field of study or occupation
  • breadth in general education beyond the field of study as well as general knowledge of the range of specialties in the field of study
  • theoretical knowledge to choose appropriate principles and procedures for complex activities with some supervision
  • theoretical and professional knowledge including understanding of the scope, practices and limitations of the field of study or occupation
  • knowledge for critically analyzing information and processing specialized, complex tasks and determining solutions to problems with unfamiliar patterns
  • awareness of current practices, evolving research and understanding methods of enquiry and approaches to research in the field
  • understanding limits of personal knowledge and an appreciation of methods and techniques they are not qualified to employ

Skills:

  • broad range of cognitive, technical and practical skills to apply standards for problem solving and complete complex tasks within the field of practice
  • critically evaluate information and develop lines of arguments using known theories and concepts in the field
  • undertake a range of tasks in a range of contexts and take initiative in planning and designing technical management and learning activities
  • advanced interpersonal abilities with capacity to guide and instruct others and take accountability for self and others in achieving outcomes
  • clearly and concisely present complex information using terminology in the field and communicate solutions that meet the needs of diverse audiences
  • ability and skills to understand and assess written materials in the field
  • exercise sound judgement in management of work assignments and work independently and/or as part of a team
  • take responsibility for supervision of others and plan and structure work processes collaboratively and evaluate consequences of processes with diverse groups
  • engage in independent research and evaluate the appropriateness of different approaches to problem solving

Application of the Knowledge and Skills:

  • apply knowledge and skills for successful performance of a specialized range of activities, many of which may be complex and non-routine
  • understand principles and complex techniques across a wide range and unpredictable variety of contexts
  • demonstrate thinking skills, capacity to employ a systematic approach to anticipate and solve problems
  • use knowledge and skills to analyze, evaluate, synthesize and apply information from a variety of sources
  • use judgement to plan, design, implement and assess activities using knowledge and skills of the field with significant autonomy
  • apply new knowledge and adapt to new technology in practical and real world situations
  • make critical use of scholarly reviews and primary sources
  • use judgement to plan, design, implement and assess activities using knowledge and skills of the field with significant autonomy
  • contribute to development of plans, budgets and strategy

Example programs: architectural engineering technology, business information technology, electronic engineering technology, medical radiologic technology, municipal engineering technology, instrumentation and control engineering technology and geomatics technology. The breadth of depth leads to achievement of higher level of learning and proficiency than a diploma.

Baccalaureate Degree

Description: Baccalaureate degrees are programs designed to provide advanced skills and knowledge with depth in one or more disciplines or areas of practice. In addition to the applied learning focus, degrees add higher level critical thinking, inquiry and problem solving skills as well as significant depth and breadth to the learning experience at a higher level than a diploma level program.

Credit Units: 120 (minimum)

Length: 4 years or 8 semesters (minimum)

Admission requirements: Grade 12 plus program specific requirements (direct entry) OR diploma plus program specific requirements (degree completion)

Knowledge:

Depth and Breadth of Knowledge

  1. knowledge and critical understanding in a field of study that builds upon the student’s secondary education and includes the key assumptions, methodologies and applications of the discipline and/or field of practice
  2. basic understanding of the range of fields within the discipline/field of practice and of how the discipline may intersect with fields in related disciplines
  3. ability to gather, review, evaluate and interpret information, including new information relevant to the discipline; and to compare the merits of alternate hypotheses or creative options relevant to one or more of the major fields in a discipline
  4. capacity to engage in independent research or practice in a supervised context
  5. critical thinking and analytical skills inside and outside the discipline
  6. ability to apply learning from one or more areas outside the discipline

Knowledge of Methodologies and Research

An understanding of methods of enquiry or creative activity, or both, in the primary area of study that enables the student to:

  1. evaluate the appropriateness of different approaches to solving problems using well established ideas and techniques;
  2. devise and sustain arguments or solve problems using these methods; and,
  3. describe and comment upon particular aspects of current research or equivalent advanced scholarship in the discipline and how these are relevant to the evolution of the discipline.

Skills:

Communication Skills

The ability to communicate information, arguments, and analyses accurately and reliably, orally and in writing, to a range of audiences, to specialist and non-specialist audiences, using structured and coherent arguments, and, where appropriate, informed by key concepts and techniques of the discipline.

Professional Capacity/Autonomy

Qualities and transferable skills necessary for further study, employment, community involvement and other activities requiring:

  • the exercise of initiative, personal responsibility and accountability in both personal and group contexts;
  • working effectively with others; and,
  • behaviour consistent with academic integrity.

Application of the Knowledge and Skills:

Application of Knowledge

The ability to review, present and critically evaluate qualitative and quantitative information in order to:

  • develop lines of argument;
  • make sound judgments in accordance with the major theories, concepts and methods of the subject(s) of study;
  • apply underlying concepts, principles, and techniques of analyses, both within and outside the discipline; and,
  • where appropriate, use this knowledge in the creative process.

The ability to use a range of established techniques to:

  • initiate and undertake critical evaluation of arguments, assumptions, abstract concepts and information;
  • propose solutions;
  • frame appropriate questions for the purpose of solving a problem; and,
  • solve a problem or create a new work.

The ability to make critical use of scholarly reviews and primary sources.

Awareness of Limits of Knowledge

An understanding of the limits to the student’s own knowledge and ability, and an appreciation of the uncertainty, ambiguity and limits to knowledge and how this might influence analyses and interpretations.

Example programs: bachelor of nursing, bachelor of construction management

Note: The above Knowledge, Skills, Application of Knowledge and Skills have been replicated from requirements of CMEC (2007) and SHEQAB (2014) degree level standards.

Post-Graduate Certificate

Description: Post graduate certificates are designed to build on skills and knowledge gained in previous post-secondary level education or lead to a higher degree of specialization in the same or related field. Program emphasis is placed on achieving advanced levels of learning outcomes for specialized or skilled work.

Credit Units: 15 – 30 CU

Length: 240 to 480 hours

Admission requirements: Post-graduate certificate admission requirements are a certificate, diploma, advanced diploma or baccalaureate degree in the same or related field.

Knowledge:

  • broad practical knowledge and some theoretical knowledge in a broad field of study with specialized learning and knowledge for working in changing contexts and environments
  • factual, technical, procedural specialized knowledge for the field or work
  • understanding of procedures and capacity for determining solutions to predictable problems and some unpredictable problems
  • understanding limits of personal knowledge and awareness of what is beyond the scope of their abilities or capacity

Skills:

  • broad range of cognitive, technical and practical skills for completion of tasks, problem solving and for identifying, analyzing and comparing information from a range of sources
  • intermediate to advanced interpersonal skills and oral, written and presentation skills
  • cognitive, technical and communication skills for communicating non-routine technical solutions for a defined range of predictable problems and some unpredictable problems for specialized skilled areas of study and work
  • specialist technical skills to complete both routine and non-routine tasks
  • intermediate communication skills with team members, to guide activities and provide advice

Application of the Knowledge and Skills:

  • apply knowledge and skills to complex and non-routine activities
  • use autonomy and judgement for specialized tasks in both known and changing contexts
  • take responsibility for personal outputs and functions and limited responsibility for organization of others
  • take some responsibility for the quantity and quality of the output of others given parameters of expectations
  • analyze, apply and evaluate relevant information from a variety of sources
  • apply critical thinking skills to problem solving
  • use judgement to plan, implement and assess activities of the field with some autonomy

These types of programs focus on achieving advanced levels of learning outcomes for specialized or skilled work.

Post-Graduate Diploma

Description: Post-graduate certificates are programs of study that are open to those who have graduated from a recognized post-secondary institution diploma, advanced diploma or baccalaureate degree program. These programs are intended to deepen knowledge and skills and provide specialized industry related education and skills training to enhance and/or complement a previously earned credentials.

Credit Units: 30 to 65 CU

Length: 480 – 1000 hours

Admission requirements: Post-graduate diploma admission requirement is a diploma, advanced diploma, baccalaureate degree.

Knowledge:

  • specialized knowledge in a new or existing area of expertise or professional area
  • advanced depth in practical, theoretical and technical knowledge that enhances or complements existing education
  • knowledge to perform a more specialized range of complex and non-routine activities
  • understanding of the evaluation and analysis of existing practices and capacity for the development of new criteria for the field of study or work environment
  • understanding limits of personal knowledge and how this might influence their analyses and interpretations.

Skills:

  • broad range of specialized cognitive, technical, practical and conceptual skills for completion of tasks; applying standards for problem solving; identifying, analyzing and comparing information from a range of sources; and the expression of ideas
  • advanced interpersonal abilities with capacity to guide and instruct others and take accountability for self and others in achieving outcomes
  • advanced oral, written and presentation skills to transfer complex knowledge and ideas for a wide range of audiences including specialist and non-specialist audiences
  • critical thinking and communication skills for the analysis, consolidation and synthesis of unpredictable and complex problems and development of solutions to those problems
  • ability to engage in independent research and apply learning

Application of the Knowledge and Skills:

  • demonstrate autonomy, sound judgement, adaptability and responsibility as a specialist in the area
  • capacity for critically evaluating and presenting structured and coherent arguments to non- routine and complex problems using theories, concepts and methods in the field
  • apply knowledge and skills to make independent decisions in a range of technical and/or management functions
  • take personal responsibility and accountability for personal outputs and provide leadership and guidance for the organization and outputs of others using broad parameters
  • make critical use of scholarly reviews and primary sources
  • initiate, plan, implement and evaluate a wide range of activities using specialized knowledge and skills
  • apply underlying concepts, principles, and techniques of analyses, both within and outside the discipline